Famous landmarks in England

[ad_1]

Some of the most famous landmarks and tourist attractions in England, including Big Ben, Blackpool Tower, Palace of Westminster and Windsor Castle.

Blackpool Tower

blackpool-tower-500

Opened in 1894, it was inspired by the Eiffel Tower in Paris. It is 158 metres tall. The Tower Ballroom is a major entertainment venue. Blackpool is one of the most popular seaside resorts in England.

White cliffs of Dover

White_Cliffs_of_Dove

The imposing chalk cliffs face the European continent at the shortest crossing of the English channel. The White Cliffs of Dover are the first sight of England for people crossing the English channel.

Stonehenge

stonehenge Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument built in the ancient Neolithic and Bronze age. The giant stones provide a puzzle for how it was built. It is considered to be a burial site with stones aligned carefully to coincide with the winter and summer solstice.

National Rail Museum York

york-museumThe British national rail museum at York includes a stock of over 100 trains. It is established on a former site of York locomotive depot – a busy rail terminal on the East Coast line.

Windsor Castle

Windsor Castle Petra Noha SA CC

Windsor Castle Petra Noha SA CC

Built after the Norman invasion in the Eleventh Century, Windsor Castle is one of the longest occupied palaces in Europe. It is a popular weekend holiday home for the British Royal family

Lake District

Photo: David Iliff, CC-BY-SA 3.0

A view of Keswick, North Lakes. The Lake District is a national park with outstanding natural views – including both mountains and several large lakes. The largest lake is Lake Windermere in the south.

Eden Project, Cornwall

Eden_project

Opened in 2001, the Eden Project comprises two giant domes which offer a range of climates from tropical to the Mediterranean. The aim is to support biodiversity and be educational in the inter-dependence of plants and people.

Brighton Pier

Brighton_Pier_hozinja

Brighton Pier Photo CC – SA, BY hozinja

The Palace Pier was built in 1899 to host entertainment for tourists at the seaside resort of Brighton. It is now the only remaining pier in Brighton and is an iconic building for the seaside resort with a total length of 524 metres

Cheddar Gorge, Somerset

cheddar-cyclists

Cheddar Gorge – By Tejvan

A limestone gorge in the Mendip Hills, Somerset. It is a popular venue for climbing, cycling and walking. Caves in the Cheddar Gorge provided the oldest skeleton in the UK – 9,000 years old.

Radcliffe Camera, Oxford

radcliffe-camera

Photo: Tejvan

Designed by James Gibb and opened in 1749, it is part of the Bodleian library and provides an architectural masterpiece in the heart of Oxford.

Kings College, Cambridge

Kings College

Kings College

Founded in 1441 by Henry VI, it was completed by the support of Henry VII and Henry VIII. It is considered one of finest examples of late Gothic architecture and the choir of Kings College is renowned.

Land’s End

lands end

Land’s End is the most westerly point in Cornwall and England. It is also the furthest point in the UK from John ‘O Groats in north-east Scotland. It has granite rock outcrops fashioned by the relentless Atlantic sea.

Angel of the North, Gateshead.

Angel_of_the_North

A contemporary sculpture, designed by Sir Antony Gormley, located near Gateshead. Visible from the East Coast main line and the A1 road. It is located on an old coal mine and is symbolic of the transition to a post-industrial society and serves as a focal point for the hopes and wishes of those who see it.

Sherwood Forest

sherwood-forest

A royal forest in Nottinghamshire, famous for its association with Robin Hood, the legendary figure who is reported to be an outlaw from King John and the Sheriff of Nottingham. The major oak featured here is said to be 1,000 years old and some claim it was the major hideout of Robin Hood

Hadrian’s Wall, Cumbria

Hadrian's_wall

A defensive wall built in AD 122 by Roman emperor Hadrian as a defensive measure against the Picts (in Scotland). It stretched across the north of England and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987.

Clovelly, Devon

clovelly

Clovelly by Ed Webster, CC BY, SA 3.0

A village in north Devon with views over the Bristol Channel. A former fishing village. It is now a major tourist attraction for its picturesque views, especially down the steep, cobbled climb from the sea to the top of the village.

Glastonbury Tor, Somerset

glastonbury-tor

Glastonbury Tor, photo Peace Run

Glastonbury Tor is a rounded hill in the Somerset Plains. There is a topless Grade I listed church on the top of the hill. The Tor is visible for miles around. It is connected with legends of Celtic mythology, King Arthur and early Christian missionaries.

Avebury Stone Circle, Wilts

avebury-stones

A Neolithic henge in Wiltshire. It is a collection of stone circles embedded into the landscape. Many stones were destroyed since its inception but is now maintained as a popular tourist attraction with a village built within the stone circles.

Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

Blenheim_Palace_gail-fredderick

Blenheim Palace by Gail Fredderick

A large country palace built in the early eighteenth century. It was a reward to the Duke of Marlborough for successful military campaigns. It is the home of the Churchills, and birthplace of Winston Churchill

Ironbridge

Ironbridge

A bridge across the River Severn. The bridge was built out of cast iron in 1779 and is important landmark in the Industrial Revolution as it was in Ironbridge that Abraham Darby perfected a method of making cheaper iron from smelting iron with coke.

Canterbury Cathedral

Canterbury-Cathedral-

Founded in 597, Canterbury Cathedral is one of the most important religious sites in Anglican Christianity. It was rebuilt in the Middle Ages and contains the shrine of Thomas Beckett who was murdered in 1170. It is the seat for the Archbishop of Canterbury, the head of the Anglican church.

Pontcysyllte Aqueduct

Aqueduct_over_the_Dee_called_Pont_y_Cyssyltau

This is a striking aqueduct which takes the Llangollen Canal over the valley of the River Dee near Wrexham, North Wales. It was completed in 1805

Famous landmarks in London

Big Ben – Palace of Westminster

Palace_of_Westminster-david-illif-cc-sa-by

by David Illif, CC, SA, BY 3.0

The four-faced clock stands at the end of the Houses of Parliament and is a symbol of London and Great Britain. It was completed in 1858 during a rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament

Tower of London

Bernard Gagnon CC

Bernard Gagnon CC

A historic castle on the north bank of the Thames. It was built by William the Conqueror after the Norman invasion of 1066. It has been used a jail for many prominent prisoners over the years. It has also served as the Royal Mint, armoury, Royal Palace and the home of the Crown Jewels.

British Museum

British_Museum

The British Museum is a permanent collection of over 8 million different artefacts, documenting human history from the dawn of civilisation.  The museum first opened in 1759 and has continued to collect more objects to display for an estimated 7 million visitors per year.

St Paul’s Cathedral

St_Paul's_Cathedral

Photo: Nikopol CC SA

London’s main Cathedral sitting on the highest point of the City of London on Ludgate Hill. It was rebuilt in the late Seventeenth Century, by Sir Christopher Wren, after the Great Fire of London. It also survived the blitz during the Second World War. It is used for funerals and weddings of major celebrities.

Westminster Abbey

westminster-abbey

Photo: Istvan CC SA

A church adjacent to the Houses of Parliament. Westminster Abbey is the traditional place for the coronation of monarchs and resting place for kings and queens. It has also served as a venue for the marriage ceremony for royal couples.

Buckingham Palace

Buckingham_Palace

Principle residency for British Monarch. First Queen to live there was Queen Victoria in 1837.

Photos – Creative Commons license

Lake District Photo: David Iliff, CC-BY-SA 3.0
White Cliffs of Dover: Immanuel Griel

Related

Famous ShakespeareEnglish people – Famous English men and women. From Anne Boleyn and Queen Elizabeth I to Henry VIII and Winston Churchill. Includes the great poets – William Shakespeare, William Blake and William Wordsworth.

 

Photos of England – Selected photos of England by Tejvan Pettinger. Including London, Yorkshire, Cotswolds, Oxford and other places of interest.


 

The post Famous landmarks in England appeared first on Biography Online.

[ad_2]

Source link

Add Comment

Web Statistics